Egypt’s religious composition is deeply contested as there is no published national census data. Existing estimates are: 85-90% are Sunni Muslim, 8-14% are Christian (the largest religious minority in the Middle East), and 1% belong to other religious affiliations, including Bahais, Ahmadis, Shias and Quranists. It’s difficult to estimate the number of atheists or those who have no belief as they are not recognised.

Our work in Egypt